Shoot 4K, UltraHD, 2K or HD with the Sony F5

The Sony F5 is a Super35 cinema camera and just like the Arri Alexa, it's the same format as those 35mm movie cameras that purred away in film studios for decades.

The F5 delivers a shallow depth of field that we've all seen in the cinemas for many years, the foreground is in focus the background is immediately out of focus; it's a very pleasing look. With an impressive fourteen stops of latitude, the whole picture is reproduced in a very natural way with lots of details in the dark areas with great highlight handling. If your final delivery requirement is standard HD, then the camera can be switched to HD, but that 4K sensor still provides spectacular super-sampled pictures with visibly superior texture and detail that ordinary HD cameras cannot touch.

Features:
14 stops of latitude approaches that of traditional motion picture film
Extraordinary low-light sensitivity with a base rate of ISO 2000
Extremely low noise in the blacks
Continuous high speed shooting at up to 120fps; 5 times slower than real life
Time-lapse interval recording starting at 1 frame per second
PL Lens mount

 

F5 Gamma & LOGs

For those of you who want great images straight-off-the-card, I use a highly optimized in-camera profile that will deliver wonderful results, so you don’t need to get caught up in post grading etc. If you who want to shoot other S-Logs and Gammas, please read on.

Standard Gamma 5 (rec709)
For footage to be used as shot in camera; no time to grade.
Standard Gamma gives you a broadcast safe tv signal without grading.
Rec709 is default HDTV standard gamma.

HyperGamma
Is intended for minimal colour correction and can be graded in-house using popular edit systems. With 10 stop dynamic latitude, hypergamma is Sony's halfway house between Standard Gamma and S-log. Hypergamma captures much more detail in light and dark shades than rec709.

S-Log
S-Log exploits the F5's full sensor with it's 14-stops dynamic latitude for the widest choice in the grade. S-Log footage is normally graded by someone who has the tools and skills ‘most likely a professional colorist’ in a dedicated grading suite.


The Sony FS5 goes places my bigger F5 can't

Described a grab and shoot camera, it captures from HD up to Ultra 4K (3840 x 2160) the standard used for shooting 4K television.

The Sony FS5 camera has the same sensor as the Sony F5 camera, so gives a nice film like shallow depth of focus.
The FS5 is significantly smaller and lighter than the F5.
I use optically colour matched Fujinon Cine lenses on both F5 and FS5 cameras, so images intercut seamlessly.

Features:
4K Super 35 Exmor® sensor
14 stops of exposure latitude
Exceptional sensitivity with a base rate of ISO 3200 in S-LOG3
Continuous slow-motion of 120 frames per second in Full HD


Shoots 4K Video in a full frame format
Features a new back-illuminated 24.2-megapixel Exmor R sensor for shooting at high ISO without noise concerns.

The camera captures 6K footage from the full sensor, data is then condensed into 4K movies at bitrates as high as 100 Mbps. Shoots S-Log3 with up to 14 stops dynamic range and slow motion up to 120 fps in full HD. Camera has built in 5-axis stabilisation.

Full frame lenses:
24-105mm Sony G OSS
70-300mm Sony G OSS
15mm Voigtlander Super Wide Angle Helliar
35mm Carl Zeiss Sonnar
100mm Tokina 1:1 Macro close-up lens
PL Lens mount adaptor


4K+ Cine Lenses

A cine lens has to capture frames that may be projected onto a 30×20 foot screen, that's why "top quality" cine lenses normally exceed the resolution of the camera sensor. PL Mount Cine Lenses are a big investment, but I believe they will outlast the cameras I own in the future.

 

   Fujinon Cabrio 4K Cine Zoom 20-120mm, T2.9 (S35, PL Mount)
   
 

The new Fujinon Cabrio 20-120mm is a Super35 wide to medium telephoto PL-mount cine zoom lens.

The Cabrio provides a sharp prime lens feel, images have a good filmic quality, creamy smooth with good contrast.

It brings 4K to the whole picture, right out to the edges and corners; at every focal length. The Ks go way beyond 4K in the Cabrio’s centre zone. Comes with Chrosziel fluid zoom drive.


Features:

  • Constant T3.5 aperture throughout the zoom range
  • 9 iris blades for attractive bokeh
  • Minimal focus breathing
  • Parfocal
  • 200° focus barrel rotation and 120° zoom rotation
  • Macro focus function
  • Detachable ENG style zoom control
  • 0.8 Pitch gear focus, iris, and zoom rings
   
 
   Fujinon MK 18-55mm, T2.9 (S35, E-Mount)
   
 

The Fujinon MK 8-55mm mid-range zoom lens features outstanding optical performance and low distortion with T2.9 speed across the entire zoom range. The 18-55mm focal range is good to shoot with and 200° of focus rotation gives extremely precise focusing.

Features:

  • Excellent edge-to-edge optical performance
  • Constant T2.9 across the entire zoom range
  • Colour matches with the bigger Cabrio zooms
  • Ultra-compact and less than 1kg
  • Macro function
  • 3 x Standard 0.8 MOD Gears
   
 
   Tokina Ultra-Wide Angle Cine Zoom11-16mm, T3 (S35, PL Mount)
   
 

The Tokina Cinema 11-16mm is a Super35 PL-mount cine zoom lens that delivers stunning ultra-wide angle perspectives.

Centre resolution is way beyond 4K and edge-to-edge sharpness is excellent; it has the optical quality of lenses that cost 10 times as much.

Features:

  • T3.0 aperture throughout the zoom range
  • 9-Blade aperture iris
  • Parfocal
  • 166° focus barrel rotation with minimal to no focus breathing
  • 0.8 Pitch gear focus, iris, and zoom rings
   
 
   Macro Cine Prime 100mm, T2.9 (S35, PL Mount)
   
 

The Tokina Cinema AT-X 100mm T/2.9 macro lens is used to film extreme close-ups of objects.

 

With a minimum close working distance of 11.8 inches (0.3 meters), the Tokina Cine Macro is a true 1 to 1 macro lens, which means it can focus on something the same size or as small as the cameras sensor; awesome macro capability.

An audience can appreciate for the first time, the delicate complexity of everyday items. Even printed words and maps take on new importance when we can see the very texture of the paper or the indentations of each letter produced by a typewriter.

Macro filming brings your audience's focus into places their eyes normally don't go.

 
   Veydra 25mm Mini Prime, T2.2 (S35, FZ or E-Mount)
   
 

I new these lenses were something special when I saw them in a Panavision rental catalogue.

 

Veydra Mini Primes are are true cine lenses built for cinema acquisition, they are not re-housed photo lenses.
Colour rendition is outstanding and image quality rivals other much more expensive cinema lenses. Close focus of just 10-inches.
Veydras optically colour match incredibly well with my Cabrio 20-120mm and Fujinon MK18-55mm cine zooms.

It’s a completely different feeling for an audience watching someone shot close range on a 25mm, apposed to the feeling they get when shot in a similar frame size on an 85mm. The 25mm is more intimate, it’s like the camera is within the moment, instead of just observing from a distance on the 85mm.

Most movies are predominately shot with short focal lengths around 25mm. For general interest, here are the favorite focal lengths of a few directors:

21mm Spielberg, Tim Burton
25mm Orson Wells, Scorsese
27mm Coen Brothers
28mm Terry Gilliam (early work) 14mm (later work)


Other lenses

   Classic Canon J9 & J20 ENG Zoom Lenses

 

 

Sony's B4 to FZ Lens adaptor (LA-FZB1) brings my old 2/3-inch ENG zooms back to life. Fitted to a Sony F5 camera, this lens adaptor gives me the same ‘field of view’ you would expect from a traditional 2/3-inch lens on a 2/3-inch camera sensor, without cropping or loss of angle of view; a super wide zoom lens stays super wide.

The Canon J9 and J20 weren’t designed as HD lenses; HDTV wasn’t around in those days.
It’s true these lenses don’t have the stunning edge-to-edge sharpness of my high-end cine lenses, but they can be used to achieve another look in my palette; they help to de-digitize the image and offset the hard edge of new breed super sharp cameras.

Lets face it, a natural look is very pleasing and that’s why lens filter manufacturers produce whole sets of various diffusion filters to do just that. These lenses were designed as very high-resolution top end lenses and cost an absolute fortune in the day. I own Cabrio and MK cine zooms too, but the personality of these good old ENG zooms gives me further creative options with my F5 camera.

B4 ENG lens kit:
B4 to FZ Lens adaptor (Sony LA-FZB1)
Canon J9a      5.2-47mm  S35 field of view equivalent 15 – 141mm
Canon J20a    8-160mm   S35 field of view equivalent 24 – 480mm

 
 
 
Voigtlander 15mm f/4.5 Super Wide Heliar Aspherical IlI (Full frame, E-Mount)
   
  Voigtländer is one of the oldest optic manufactures in the industry
 

The Voigtlander 15mm Super is a completely manual ultra-wide-angle prime lens for Sony Alpha 35mm full-frame mirrorless cameras. It gives super wide view of 110 degrees on a 35mm full frame sensor. Works beautifully with my Sony a7 III camera.



 
   Vinatge Helios 44-2 58mm, f/2 (Full frame, PL or E-Mount)
   
  Made in U.S.S.R this Helios 44-2 58mm lens is a copy of the famous Carl Zeiss Biotar 58mm.
 

Apparently when the Russians occupied East Germany, some of them went into the Zeiss factory and stole the Biotar design to make this amazing lens.

Helios 44-2 lenses are known for their impressionistic bokeh that swirls in a circular pattern.
It has a fast f/2 aperture and captures rich vibrant images with crazy lens flare when a light source hits the lens.

Russian glass never goes out of style.


 

Filters

Panavision 4x5.65"

Schneider NDs

Schneider grads

Tiffen Diffusion Gold FX

Tiffen Black ProMists

Tiffen Ultra Pol Polariser - Linear

 

Round 138mm

Schneider Tru-Pol Polariser - Circular

Schneider +1 Split-Field Diopter Lens

Schneider +2 Split-Field Diopter Lens

 

Round 77mm

Tiffen Polariser - Circular

Hoya NDx16

 


Camera support

Tripods
My principal tripod is a Sachtler carbon SpeedLock with an O’Connor 1030D ultimate fluid head. O'Connor heads are world famous for their ultra smooth feel, fluid movement and great balance. Chad O’Connor sold his first fluid heads to Walt Disney in 1949; today these fluid heads are industry standard in Hollywood. A Sachtler FSB 8 fluid head with carbon SpeedLock legs has also served me well too for many years; it’s a great ‘go to’ when I travel light. My Miller Solo tripod is the perfect support for sliders; extreme height to very low in seconds.

Matte boxes
I’ve owned Arri and O’Connor matt boxes which I thought were the best, until UK based Bright Tangerine came along!
Today I have the VIV studio matte box from Bright Tangerine. The VIV is a lightweight carbon fibre hybrid that uses industry standard "Panavision" size filters. It’s a wing-away too, so lens changes quick and simple. I also have a Bright Tangerine Misfit Atom, which is an amazing ultra lightweight matte box. Matte boxes help bring contrast to the image by blocking out light flares.

Follow focus
No surprise that my choice of follow focus is also a Bright Tangerine Revolvr ATOM Cine; the best follow focus I have ever used.

Camera shoulder mount
Vocas shoulder baseplate with 15mm rods and an Arri top plate

Light Meter
My choice of light meter is the Sekonic L-858D Speedmaster

 


 

Daylight viewable monitors

 

Although lenses are one of the most important elements of a camera, just as important are great monitors.

17-inch P3X 10-bit Reference Grade Monitor (1703-P3X)

The Small HD PX3 is a 17-inch high precision monitor with incredible colour accuracy and wide colour gamut display covering 100% of the DCI-P3 colour space for cinema, which is well beyond the rec709 broadcast space.
Mains or battery powered, C-stand mountable, waveform, vecterscope, HDR preview, 3D LUTs, frame guides and 8 audiometers.

7-inch On-camera field monitor (702 BRIGHT)

The 702 Bright is a new breed of on-camera, daylight viewable, full HD displays from Small HD.
Features; waveform, peeking, zebra, 3D LUTs, frame guides, audio meters and more.
A Bright Tangerine Titan arm holds it rock steady on cameras.

I've been a fan of Small HD monitors since I first saw them at NAB years ago, you really have to see the image quality yourself to appreciate them.
The Small HD P3X is the best monitor I have ever owned and trust.